What's in your wine?

What's in your wine? (VIDEO)

CINCINNATI, OH (FOX19) - What's in your wine? The answer might surprise you.

Watch the video above for a full report on how some commercial wine makers are relying on "tricks" to make a consistent, affordable product.

Wine Enthusiast Magazine compiled this list of additives in some wines:

  • Sulfur dioxide/Sulfites
    • Preserves the integrity of the wine.
  • Potassium Sorbate
    • Like sulfur, potassium sorbate (also used in cheese and yogurt) wards off bad bacteria. In sweet wine, it’s often used to prevent further fermentation once bottled.
  • Tannin powder
    • Can increase astringency of certain varieties.
  • Water
    • Used to lover sugar/alcohol levels
  • Enzymes
    • Certain enzymes help cull compounds from the skin and help clear out any impure, microscopic crud leftover from fermentation.
  • Sugar
    • When faced with underripe grapes, winemakers may add sugar to still wines to increase alcohol levels.
  • Mega Purple
    • A brand of wine-grape juice concentrate, Mega Purple boosts both color and sugar level.
  • Oak chips or powders
    • Used to mimic oak barrel flavoring.
  • Acids and acid powders
    • Can be added to increase acidity in wine.
  • Yeast
    • Yeast, key to converting grapes, can also impact aroma and flavor.
  • Mammal proteins
    • Egg whites and gelatin are especially effective in clarifying red wines.
  • Bentonite Clay
    • In addition to absorbing, it helps reduce astringency. It’s common in toothpaste.
  • Plastic
    • PolyVinylPolyPryrolidone, or PVPP, is a workhorse. It eliminates ugly colors and helps stabilize the wine.

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