More On Procedures & Services...

Some of these cosmetic procedures may also fulfill true medical needs. You should understand that the circumstances and experience of every individual will be unique. If you're considering cosmetic plastic surgery, please ask your Cincinnati Institute of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon for further information about the particular procedure and what you can expect. In addition, please note that all surgery carries some uncertainty and risk, including the possibility of infections, bleeding, blood clots, and adverse reactions to the anesthesia. You can reduce your risks by choosing a Cincinnati Institute of Plastic and Reconstructive plastic surgeon and closely following his advice, both before and after surgery.

Abdominoplasty: (tummy tuck)

Procecdure: Flatten abdomen by removing excess fat and skin and tightening muscles of abdominal wall.

Length: 2 to 5 hours.

Anesthesia: General, or local with sedation.

In/Outpatient: Either, depending on individual circumstances and extent of surgery.

Side Effects: Temporary pain, swelling, soreness, numbness of abdominal skin, bruising, tiredness for several weeks or months.

Risks: Blood clots. Infection. Bleeding under skin flap. Poor healing resultlng In conspicuous scarring or skin loss. Need for a second operation.

Recovery: Back to work: 2 to 4 weeks. More strenuous activity: 4 to 6 weeks or more. Fading and flattening of scars: 3 months to 2 years.

Duration of Results: Permanent.

Breast Lift:

Procedure: Raise and reshape sagging breasts by removing excess skin and repositioning remaining tissue and nipples.

Length: 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 hours.

Anesthesia: Local with sedation, or general

In/Outpatient: Usually outpatient. Sometimes in-patient 1-2 days.

Side Effects: Temporary bruising, swelling, discomfort, numbness, dry breast skin, permanent scars.

Risks: Thick, wide scars; skin loss; infection. Unevenly positioned nipples. Permanent loss of feeling in nipples or breast.

Recovery: Feeling better and back to work: 1 week or more. Strenuous activities: 1 month. Fading of scars: several months to a year.

Duration of Results: Variable; gravity, pregnancy, aging, and weight changes may cause new sagging. Results may last longer when combined with implants.

Collagen Fat Injections:

PROCEDURE: Plump up creased, furrowed, or sunken facial skin; add fullness to lips and backs of hands. Works best on thin, dry, light-colored skin.

Length: 15 minutes to 1 hour per session.

Anesthesia: Collagen: usually none; local may be included with the injection. Fat: local.

In/Outpatient: Outpatient.

SideEffects: Temporary stinging, throbbing, or burning sensation. Faint redness, swelling, excess fullness.

Risks: Collagen: allergic reactions including rash, hives, swelling, or flu-like symptoms; possible triggering of connective-tissue or autoimmune disease. Both: Contour irregularities; infection.

Duration of Results: Variable; a few months to 1 year.

Eyelid Rejuvenation:

Procedure: Correct drooping upper eyelids and puffy bags below the eyes by removing excess fat, skin, and muscle. (May be covered by insurance if used to improve vision.)

Length: 1 to 3 hours.

Anesthesia: Usually local with sedation. Occasionally general.

In/Outpatient: Usually outpatient.

Side Effects: Temporary discomfort, tightness of lids, swelling, brulsing. Temporary dryness, burning, itching of eyes. Excessive tearing, sensitivity to light for first few weeks.

Risks: Temporary blurred or double vision; blindness (extremely rare). Infection. Swelling at corners of eyelids; tiny whiteheads. Slight asymmetry in healing or scarring. Difficulty in closing eyes completely (rarely permanent). Pulling down of the lower lids (may require further surgery).

Recovery: Reading: 2 or 3 days. Back to work: 7 to 10 days. contact lenses: two weeks or more. Strenuous activities, alcohol: about 3 weeks. Bruising and swelling gone: several weeks.

Duration of Results: Several years. Sometimes permanent.

Facial Implants:

Procedure: Change the basic shape and balance of the face using carefully styled implants to build up a receding chin, add prominence to cheekbones, or reshape the jawline. Implants may be made of natural or artificial materials.

Length: 30 minutes to 2 hours

Anesthesia: Local with sedation, or general.

In/Outpatient: Usually outpatient. Occasionally overnight hospital stay.

Side Effects: Temporary discomfort, swelling, bruislng, numbness and/or stiffness. In Jaw surgery, inability to open mouth fully for several weeks.

Risks: Shifting or imprecise positioning of implant, or infection around it, requiring a second operation or removal. Excess tightening and hardening of scar tissue around an artificial Implant ("capsular contracture"), causing unnatural shape.

Recovery: Back to work: about 1 week. Normal appearance: 2 to 4 weeks. Activity that could jar or bump face: 6 weeks or more.

Duration of Results: Permanent.

Hair Replacement:

Procedure: Fill in balding areas with a patient's own hair using a variety of techniques including scalp reduction, tissue expanslon, strip grafts, scalp flaps, or clusters of punch grafts (plugs, miniplugs, and microplugs). Works best on men with male pattern baldness after hair loss has stopped.

Length: 1 to 3 hours. Some techniques may require multiple procedures over 18 months or more.

Anesthesia: Usually local with sedation. Flaps and tissue expansion may be done with general anesthesia.

In/Outpatient: Usually outpatient.

Side Effects: Unnatural look. Infection. Excessive scarring. Failure to "take." Loss of scalp tissue and/or transplanted hair.

Recovery: Back to work: usually 2 to 5 days. More strenuous activities: 10 days to 3 weeks. Final look: may be 18 months or more, depending on procedure.

Duration of Results: Permanent

Male Breast Reduction:

Procedure: Reduce enlarged, female like breasts in men using liposuction and/or cutting out excess glandular tissue. (Sometimes covered by medical insurance.)

Length: 1 1/2 hours or more.

Anesthesia: General or local.

In/Outpatient: Usuallyoutpatient.

Side Effects: Temporary bruising, swelling, numbness, soreness, burning sensation.

Risks: Infection. Excessive fluid loss leading to shock. Fluid accumulation. Injury to the skin. Rippling or bagginess of skin. Asymmetry. Pigmentation changes (may become permanent if exposed to sun). Excessive scarring if tissue was cut away. Need for second procedure to removed additional tissue.

Recovery: Back to work: 3 to 7 days. More strenuous activlty: 2 to 3 weeks. Swelling and bruising: 3 to 6 months.

Duration of Results: Permanent.