Our Clinic's offer a full line of Dental service. Dental disease is a common and often overlooked problem in dogs and cats. While cavities represent the most common dental disease of humans, dogs and cats are more frequently bothered by tartar buildup on the teeth. Tartar accumulation leads to irritation of the gums around the base of the teeth, ultimately leading to exposure of the roots. Potential outcomes of this tooth root exposure include gum infections and tooth loss.
One of the main factors determining the amount of tartar buildup is the individual chemistry in the mouth. Cleaning should be done routinely or once a year.
Diet plays more of a role in development of tartar, dry food causes less tarter and canned food sticks to teeth causes more tartar buildup. However, eating dry food does not remove tartar from the teeth. Once tartar forms, a professional cleaning is necessary.
Many different disorders can lead to dental disease. In general, we will try to determine whether the problem is limited to the dental disease or has developed into a secondary dental disease.
In some cases, owners are unaware that their pet has dental problems, in other cases it may be better identified with a physical examination.
In other situations owns my see some of the following signs:
- Loose or missing teeth
- A yellow-brown crust near the gum line
- Red or swollen gums
- Discomfort when mouth or gums are touched
- Bad breath (one of the earliest signs of periodontal disease)
- Weight loss or decreased appetite, possibly due to a difficulty in chewing
- Drooling, or changes in temperament
Diagnosis of dental disease is usually very easy. A visual examination of the oral cavity can reveals tartar and gingivitis. However, in most cases, the true extent of the disease cannot be determined unless the pet is under anesthesia. This allows us to perform a complete examination of the mouth.
Proper cleaning of the teeth requires complete cooperation of the patient so that plaque and tartar can be removed. Anesthesia is required to thoroughly clean the teeth, while there is always a degree of risk with any anesthetic, be aware that delaying dental care may reduce your pets health.
Our doctors may run some blood tests prior to schedule cleaning.
There are four steps in the cleaning process that will be used on your pet:
1. Scaling removes the tartar above and below the gum line. This is done with hand instruments and ultrasonic cleaning equipment. The tartar that is under the gums must be removed for a dental cleaning to be complete.
2. Polishing smoothes the surface of the teeth, making them resistant to additional plaque formation.
3. Flushing removes dislodged tartar from the teeth helping to remove the bacteria that accompanies tartar.
4. Oral Rinsing reduces the rate of future plaque formation.
In the early stages of dental disease, the problems may be reversible however, even cleaning cannot restore the mouth to normal. If teeth are left unthreaded prognosis worsens. Some of the consequences of delayed dental care are:
1. The tartar will mechanically push the gums away from the roots of the teeth. This allows the teeth to loosen in their sockets and infection to enter the root socket. The teeth will loosen and fall out or have to be extracted.
2. Infection will accumulate in the mouth, resulting in gingivitis, tonsillitis, and sore throat. Although antibiotics may temporarily suppress the infection, if the tartar is not removed from the teeth, infection will return quickly.
3. Infection within the mouth will be picked up by the blood stream and carried to other parts of the body, kidney and heart infections frequently begins in the mouth.
1. Seek regular veterinary care and have the teeth cleaned when advised.
2. Try to maintain home dental care with brushing your pets teeth. Special toothbrushes and flavored toothpastes are available. We will be happy to show you how to do this.
3. A tartar control diet is available through our clinic. It can be used as a maintenance diet or as a treat. It will not clean but will prolong the interval between cleanings.
Talk to one of our doctors today about dental health in your pet.
Colerain Animal Clinic
6340 Colerain Ave.
Cincinnati , OH 45239
Monday-Friday 8 AM - 11:00 PM
Saturday 8 AM - 4:00 PM
Sunday and Holidays - Open for Emergency!
9AM - 4 PM
Emergency Fee - $37.00!