Prosecutor asks state auditor to look into police overtime amid 'illegal' abuse allegations
CINCINNATI, OH (FOX19) - Hamilton County Prosecutor Joe Deters has asked State Auditor Dave Yost to look into Cincinnati police overtime spending in light of accusations of officers scamming the system for more pay and Police Chief Eliot Isaac turning a blind eye.
The prosecutor also served the city with a subpoena for a draft version of an audit of police overtime that found "intentional actions to maximize compensation," bad oversight, and confusion about policy.
"The prosecutor asked the auditor to assist in the matter due to the allegations," said Triffon Callos. "There is obvious concern with the matter."
Yost agreed to launch a preliminary review of the audit and turn the findings over to Deters, Callos said.
A spokesman for Yost's office said it's not clear yet how long it will take to review the audit.
"Auditor Yost directed the staff to review the city's departmental audit as requested," Ben Marrison said. "This review has just begun, and the office can say nothing further regarding it."
It is not, he said, going to be part of the preliminary review the state auditor's office launched earlier this week of how the city spent taxpayer money for its 911 emergency center.
"Chief Eliot K. Isaac welcomes this transparent review and will provide more comments once the Ohio State Auditor review is complete. The Cincinnati Police Department intends to continue to review of its overtime management practices to ensure compliance with the City's Internal Audit recommendations for overtime use," police wrote in a prepared statement Friday.
In a memo last month, the chief stressed the audit is a draft that was leaked to the media, not a final version. See the updated version here.
The Auditor's Office conducts preliminary reviews to determine facts that could lead to a wider, full-blown investigation.
The agency performs financial and performance audits of state and local agencies including school districts, cities and townships, to make sure officials aren't wasting or misusing taxpayer dollars.
In 2015, Yost created the Public Integrity Assurance Team specifically to investigate government fraud. The team of forensic auditors, investigators and attorneys has decades of experience and working relationships with law enforcement at the local, state and federal levels.
If it is determined a case falls under the authority of the Auditor of State's Office and involves probable fraud, theft or non-compliance, it is sent to the Public Integrity Assurance Team for further review.
Cases that are not subject to the Auditor of State's authority may be referred to other local, state or federal government agencies, prosecutors and law enforcement officers.
The agency already is conducting a special audit of the Metropolitan Sewer District, one launched in 2016 after Yost said he was "deeply troubled' by reports of unchecked sewer district spending related to MSD contracts signed with little oversight from either the city or Hamilton County.
That audit remains ongoing, Marrison said Friday.
The FBI also is looking into procurement practices at MSD.
Police overtime has long been a problem within the agency.
The city's latest state audit, from 2016, found noncompliance in 354 instances related to forms that police are required to fill out when they work overtime.
- 160 of 354 (45 percent) were not pre-approved
- 1 out of 354 were not received
- 6 out of 354 (2 percent) were not complete
"Failure to adhere to the policies implemented could lead to the abuse of overtime, overtime pay being denied and errors in overtime payments," auditors wrote. "We recommend the City implement controls to ensure that employees are adhering to the overtime approval policies."
Cincinnati police released a report in March 2016 that found more than half of all overtime requests weren't approved or verified correctly between July 2014 and September 2015.
At that time, police leaders to overhaul the way it reports overtime to make improvements.
Friday's developments just one day after a veteran Cincinnati police captain added the chief to a federal lawsuit Thursday he filed last year against the city, now-former City Manager Harry Black, the mayor and others.
Captain Jeff Butler sued in September, claiming he was passed over for promotion to assistant police chief because he challenged Black and the then-assistant city manager's "blatant misuse of state tax funds" for emergency services for the city' s general budgetary purposes, and "the inappropriate expenditure of federal Homeland Security grant funds," the suit shows.
Now Butler's lawsuit says Black, who resigned Saturday after an intense feud with the mayor, and the police chief retaliated against him in response to an audit Butler led of the police department's overtime and the chief's "improper relationship" with a subordinate employee, Captain Bridget Bardua.
"Rather than discharge his duty and pursue disciplinary action against Capt. Bardua and those under her command who have flagrantly and illegally abused the overtime system, effectively stealing Cincinnati taxpayer monies for their own personal gain, Chief Isaac has instead retaliated against (Butler) and other high-ranking Cincinnati police officers who had challenged his failure to act in regard to these matters," the suit states.
A police department spokeswoman issued a statement Thursday from the chief:
Police Chief Eliot K. Isaac is aware of the recently amended law suit filed by Captain Jeffrey Butler that directly names Chief Isaac. Because this is a pending legal matter Chief Isaac is unable address the accusations that are being made by a member of his command staff. With over three decades of dedicated service and leadership within this organization, Chief Isaac is proud to serve the citizens of Cincinnati and to lead, what he believes, is the best Police Department in the country.
In a memo to Black last month, the chief stressed the audit is a draft that was leaked to the media, not a final version.
"The tone in which this audit was written is unusual for a fact gathering document. There are several significant factors regarding the audit that are of serious concern requiring my further review before public release."
For example, he wrote, the city's finance manager was never consulted or given the opportunity to verify the figures in this audit.
But the suit states the audit found the agency had "significant overtime expenses, often as a result of inappropriate or illegal conduct, especially in the Police Department's District 5, which was commanded by Capt. Bridget Bardua."
The audit concluded the police department spent millions of dollars in overtime with at least 15 officers bringing in tens of thousands of dollars in overtime each and that an "inordinate amount of time centered in District 5," the suit states.
Bardua earned $82,723; her District 5 Neighborhood Liaison sergeant, Jason Voelkerding, brought in $126, 225 and Sgt. Jason Scott, who also works in District 5 under her command, earned $92,215.
According to the audit, the payments are part of a broader problem involving overtime and police officer intentional manipulation of overtime.
"The result, the audit found, is excessive overtime payments and compensatory awards, which enhance or maximize financial compensation for some personnel at the detriment of the department budget." the suit states.
"These appear to be systemic management issues," the audit reads. "The failure to adhere to established processes has resulted in a significant and negative financial impact and places extensive financial liability on the (police) department."
In fact, abuse of the overtime system was so pervasive, District 5 officers developed their own shorthand phrases for "scams to obtain unearned overtime illegally," the suit alleges.
Those scams, which Butler disclosed to the lawsuit's defendants after the audit, according to his suit, included:
- "Touch and Go:" :Holidays or weekends....you show up for an hour and are seen by patrol personnel then leave, the next investigator comes in later and does the same until we are all seen...the theory is if anyone asks if so and so was seen, the answer is always yes."
- "Hit and Skip:" "For community meetings...spend no more than ten minutes and leave to maximize the pay and limit time. ...Capt. Bardua did this then visited 9 p.m. roll call for 10 minutes for another 2 hour slip."
- "Recall:" Options related to investigative unit recalls. "If you are called and respond, the supervisor is on standby for (the) first hour if not a serious life-threatening offense. You call the supervisor and advise...he then submits a slip even if he did not show up...your investigative partner gets the same treatment...plus no pay the next day."
The suit alleges Butler brought his concerns to Bardua during the audit period and the chief, most recently on Feb. 10.
Butler lives on the same street as Bardua and would occasionally see her city-issued vehicle at her residence during hours she claimed over time or to be on duty.
But when he talked to her about it, she responded, according to the suit: 'What happens on (our street)stays on (our street.')."
He said he also raised concerns with the chief, but he did nothing. And Butler alleges he got the same response from both Isaac and Bardua when he told them that he also saw Voelkerding in his city-marked car and unmarked cars near Voelkerding's residence while he was claiming to be working or claiming overtime.
In Butler's "reasonable belief, the systematic abuse of overtime in District 5 headed by Capt. Bardua constituted felony theft," the suit states, and he is compelled to report that abuse to law enforcement authorities. He did several times with the chief.
Previously, when overtime was found to be abused, disciplinary action was instituted against them, the suit reads.
But this time, the chief "repeatedly refused to initiate any disciplinary investigative action" against Bardua or permit any other law enforcement officer to initiate it on her or her subordinates.
"Rather, Chief Isaac went out of his way to protect Capt. Bardua from the consequences of her abuse of the overtime system and her allowing officers in District 5 to abuse the system, the suit alleges. "Chief Isaac did so because of his close, personal relationship with Capt. Bardua. It is well-known within the police department that Chief Isaac and Capt. Bardua are close friends.
"Numerous officers have seen the out at restaurants and movie theaters. Because (Butler) lives on the same street as Capt. Bardua, on numerous occasions when he was home appropriately and off duty, caring for his ill relative, he observed Chief Isaac's gray Taurus and black Taurus in Capt. Bardua's garage during duty hours," the suite states.
"On at least two occasions, (Butler) saw Chief Isaac exiting his car at Capt. Bardua's residence. On numerous occasions, (Butler) raised his concerns with Capt. Bardua and Chief Isaac that their close personal relationship was inappropriate in light of the chain of command supervisory relationship.
"Chief Isaac and Capt. Bardua refused to change their behavior. Capt. Bardua appeared to believe that she could abuse the overtime system with impunity and there would be no consequences because Chief Isaac would protect her. To date, that has proven to be true.
"Rather than discharge his duty and pursue disciplinary action against Capt. Bardua and those under her command who have flagrantly and illegally abused the overtime system, effectively stealing Cincinnati taxpayer monies for their own personal gain, Chief Isaac has instead retaliated against (Butler) and other high-ranking Cincinnati police officers who had challenged his failure to act in regard to these matters," the suit reads.
"The ouster of Executive Assistant Police Chief David Bailey in March following the public release of the overtime audit is just one example. In addition, Black and Isaac have effectively marginalized (Butler) in retaliation for (his) complaints about Isaac's inappropriate relationship with Bardua and failure to act on her abuse in the overtime system."
Then, the chief transferred Butler effective March 18 to the Cincinnati Police Academy, but stripped him of any substantive responsibility," according to the suit.
Bardua and other captains also were moved in March at that time as part of what police officials have said is part of a routine change in department assignments that occurs every few years. She now oversees Special Investigations, which includes the Homicide Unit.
Earlier this year, just before a draft of the overtime audit was leaked to the media, Bardua named Butler in an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission complaint she filed accusing the police department with discrimination, harassment and more.
She said white men in the department discriminated against her because she is a woman and because she "supports our African-American police of chief," according to documents obtained by FOX19 NOW.
She alleged Butler and two assistant chiefs targeted her and her staff as part of a larger attempt to force Isaac out.
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